Badizadeh

1910-1979 Tehran Iran

Badizadeh was one of the first musicians to perform at Radio Iran and with the National Music Orchestra, conducted by Rouhollah Khaleqi. Having made a name for himself in his youth in Tehran, he was the only vocalist who composed many of the songs recorded on gramophone records in the years 1304-1317/1925-1938. To make gramophone recordings, he accompanied Abulhassan Saba and Murtaza Mahjubi to Beirut, Mahdi Khalidi and Dilkash to India, and Isma‘il Sarimi to Germany.

Vocalist and composer. He was born into a religious family whose members had sweet voices. He studied music and avaz with his father, Mirza Muhammad Reza Badi‘ and his maternal uncle, Sayyid al-Wa‘izin. Having made a name for himself in his youth in Tehran, he was the only vocalist who composed many of the songs recorded on gramophone records in the years 1304-1317/1925-1938. To make gramophone recordings, he accompanied Abulhassan Saba and Murtaza Mahjubi to Beirut, Mahdi Khalidi and Dilkash to India, and Isma‘il Sarimi to Germany. He was an educated and cultured vocalist who could speak Arabic and French.

He was the son-in-law of Rezaghuli Khan Nuruzi (d. 1301/1922), the famous vocalist and tumbak instrumentalist of the Qajar period. Badi‘zadih worked at the administrative department of the National Consultative Assembly.

Badizadeh was one of the first musicians to perform at Radio Iran and with the National Music Orchestra, conducted by Rouhollah Khaleqi. Upon the establishment of the Gulha, he was nearly sixty years old and was gradually cutting back on his vocal performances. Nonetheless, he was consulted on the performance of a number of Gulha programs and some of the songs composed by him or by others were adjusted and performed anew in the Gulha, the most well-known of which includes Rafti-yu Baz-amadi (“You Departed and Came Back”) with a recitation by Isma‘il Navvab Safa. In addition to a collection of three gramophone records, a CD titled Taranaha-yi Badi‘zadih (Mahur, Tehran 1383/2004) containing his most famous songs and his memoirs titled Golbang-i Mihrab ta Bang-i Mizrab (“From the Call of the Altar to the Sound of Plectrum,” edited by Sayyid ‘Alireza Mir‘alinaqi) have been released. He was a vocalist well-versed in literature and possessed of the talent for composition. It was through his works that Persian folklore music was founded in Iran.

78 RPM Records

78 RPM Records

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Music Iran Journal

Music Journal

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